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December 14, 1994     The Sun Paper
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December 14, 1994
 

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2 The Sun, Wednesday, December 14, Holiday season gives us a chance to help those less fortunate. We can take a tag from one of the ' rree of Giving" Christmas trees. The tags provide gift suggestions for local youngsters who won't be getting many other presents at Christmas. The special trees are found in First Federal's Sheridan branch and Willamina True Value Hardware. You can also donate food or cash to the local food banks. The West Valley Food Bank, operating out of the Sheridan Referral Center, the VFW Christ- mas food drive and the Grand Ronde holiday basket effort help a lot of needy people at the holiday season. But you need to do something soon to help the needy in the area this Christmas. The food baskets and the Christmas presents will be distributed within the next few days. While we're on the subject of Christmas, we'd like to thank the West Valley Chamber of Com- merce for sponsoring all the holiday events, the Rotary Club for the beautiful tree atop the hill overlooking Sheridan, the Willamina Business Group for the wonderful Christmas light parade and all those who donated time to put up the holiday decorations By George Robertson Editor, The Sun Bali, Indonesia--Before telling you about this magical island, I must give you a brief account of our stay in Central Java. We arrived in Yogyakarta, a busy city full of college students and old Dutch buildings, after a 12-hour train ride from the nation's capital, Jakarta. While our tour guide pointed out the colonial buildings near the railroad station he told us once more how much Indonesians dislike the Dutch who took over the islands for the spice trade in the 1700s and exploited the natives for more than 200 years. In Yogyakarta, we visited several factories to see where native crafts are made. We saw how silver ingots are melted and then spun into fine threads to make intricate bracelets, necklaces and statues. We marveled at the way colorful batik fabrics are created, using hot wax to paint the lovely patterns on cotton. Some of the batik shirts, those painted entirely by hand, cost up to $80. We also saw wood carvers turn blocks of mahogany and ebony into lifelike forest scenes. Entire families work on the big pieces; the young- sters and women carefully sand down the rough edges while the men use chisels to create the three- dimensional art. Yogyakarta is also known as a place to find some good deals. My daughter bought some music cas- settes at half price, and my wife enjoyed bartering for some trinkets. After a full day motorcoach drive through some of the best scenery on the trip we took a one-hour ferry ride to Bali. This time the ferry actually left on time since our bus arrived just before the ship set sail. One of our tour guides went on ahead of us to make sure the ferry would wait by giving the crew a little present. Our first experience in Bali left a poor impression. We were locked out of bathrooms at a gas station. The attendants said the restrooms were not working but it just seemed like they didn't want us to use them. That experience reinforced what our guide had told us about Bali. He said the natives can be very tough on outsiders, even tourists. We learned later our guide had tried to work in Bali but was unable to do so because he was considered to be an outsider. It was until after dark when we arrived at our beach-front hotel. I didn't realize until the next morning that the Indian Ocean was just outside our hut (actually a two-story, air conditioned building with a thatched roof). The beaches on Bali are disap- pointing. The ones we saw are steep and have coarse brown sand. Where we stayed, the ocean is full of seaweed so most tourists use the swimming pools. But Bali itself lives up to its magical name. Everywhere you look there is something wonderful to see. There are small Buddhist lemples in front of every home and business and three giant temples in every town. Offerings, with incense, flow- ers and food, are made to the gods every day. We saw such offerings on beaches, street corners and, of course, in front of temples. Surprisingly, Bali has nearly 3 million people living on the small island and the capital, about 10 miles from where we stayed, has more people than Eugene and Salem combined. "W~r~ into a l.&.of gust/~!i~s on Bali an~leamed later that they get a great price for roundtrip aiffare and a week's stay at most of the resorts. They even have their own surfing spot, called Katu Beach, but we didn't think the waves looked big enough to provide much sport. Katu Beach was perhaps our toughest outing on the entire trip. That's because it was at least 100 degrees with 98 percent humidity. Natives told us later that Bali was going through a heat wave but I think it's probably always this warm and humid. Despite the heat, we got to see one of Bali's volcanoes and several magnificent ocean-front temples. We really enjoyed our trip to the art colonies in the mountains. It's diffi- cult to describe the variety of paint- ings and wooden carvings but suf- fice it to say we spent more than an hour in just one store and couldn't even look at all the art. And there are hundreds and hundreds of these stores full of beautiful hand-crafted art. We really enjoyed the Bali dan- cers and musicians who performed for us. Each dance tells a story, some very funny. The dancers, wearing spectacular costumes of fine silk, are amazing as they recreate stories that date back hundreds of years. We also took in a shadow puppet show. A lantern behind a white screen provides a silhouette light for the puppeteer. Magically, he turns leather-crafted puppets on long sticks into story-book characters. I could almost close my eyes and imagine natives sitting around a camp fire and marveling at these same stories hundreds of years ago. The food on Bali was similar to what we had been eating in other parts of Indonesia--several kinds of rice with lots of cooked vegetables and fish with a little chicken or meat for good measure. It was like a steady diet of Chinese food for breakfast, lunch and dinner. That's probably why we thoroughly enjoyed our infrequent stops at Pizza Hut and Kentucky Fried Chicken. Finally, we enjoyed a sailboat ride on an outrigger painted like a giant fish. The four-seat canoe with sta- bilizers on both sides eventually picked up some speed after we crossed the breakwater a few hundred yards off shore. It was interesting to see other small boats bobbing on the blue Indian Ocean with natives lazily fishing for tuna. The water was warm, the sun was hot with a slight breeze. It was a perfect ending for our trip to paradise. Homespun Humor By Linda Fink Tomorrow is Bill of Rights Day. So what, you say? That's what I said until I did a little research. All I knew about the Bill of Rights was that it had something to do with freedom of religion, free speech and the right to bear arms. Now that I've read up on it, I'm ready to celebrate. (Of course, I'm always ready to celebrate.) Here's what I learned. (This shouldn't take long.) The first l0 amendments to the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights and were adopted on Dec. 15, 1791. That's why tomorrow, Dec. 15, is Bill of Rights Day. We've added 16 amend- ments since 1791, involving things like the right to vote and the right not to be a slave, a ban on booze and a repeal of the ban on booze. The first l0 amendments, the Bill of Rights, grew out of the colonists' dislike for British laws. They guar- anteed things denied them under British rule, such as the right to maintain their own militia, to be free of unreasonable searches and sei- zures, to a jury trial and to all the gumdrops they could eat. Well, maybe not the gumdrops. It's the First Amendment of those first l0 that I like best. The First Amendment was partly a reaction to the despised British law of "sedi- tious libel." That doctrine permitted prosecution for "false, scandalous and malicious writing" that had "the intent to defame or to bring into contempt or disrepute" a pri- vate party or the government. In practice, if the colonists criticized Britain, they could be thrown into jail (and were), even if their criti- cisms were true. Rush Limbaugh would have spent a lot of time in jail. Worse yet, you could get the death penalty for calling the king a fool or predicting his demise. Jesse Helms and a number of cartoonists would have been in deep trouble: .... John Peter Zenger, publisher of the New York Weekly Journal got into trouble in 1734 by printing a PROVIDING A HELPING HAND Proving growing student aware- ness of social problems, students at Willamina High School take a stand. Mr. White's contemporary affairs class has made a project of helping those in need. Doing this by spon- soring a clothing and toy drive and by visiting our elderly pals during the week. Our target groups are Reflections, Tree of Giving, elderly shut-ins and elementary students from low- income families. This is also a prime example of the 21st Century School's require- ment of community service. If any- one would like to make any dona- tions, please drop them by Room 11 at Willamina High. It would be greatly appreciated. Becky Murray, WHS student, Mr. White and class NON-PHYSICAL DISCIPLINE BETTER FOR KIDS I was interested to read the debate between proponents of traditional methods of disciplining children, presented by Linda Dill, and Ann Schauber, a proponent of modern non-physical methods of disciplin- ing children. I am sure that Linda Dill is right when she says that spanking of children can be an effective disciplinary tool if admin- istered with care and forethought. On the other hand, failure to set limits to what children can do or failure to properly discipline them by whatever means is a form of child abuse. However, we need to recognize that there are the following draw- backs to corporal punishment: 1. While it may be possible for a parent to easily hit a five-year-old without adverse consequences to the parent, that is not so easily accomplished with a 15-year-old who may weigh in at 200 pounds and who may be in that rebellious state that parents see so often with teen-agers. In other words, corporal punishment is a form of discipline that "runs out of gas" at the very moment when it is needed the most. 2. General community-wide encouragement of corporal punish- ment for children is often inter- II series of scathing criticisms of New York's colonial governor. Although the law was against Zenger, a jury found him not guilty--in effect nullifying the law and thumbing the jurors' collective noses at British rule. The right to disagree was so important to the independent minded Americans that they wrote it into the very first amendment to the Constitution. "Congress shall make no law respecting an estab- lishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridg- ing the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to peti- tion the Government for a redress of grievances." James Madison, Thomas Jeffer- son and the other framers of the Bill of Rights (optimists all) were deter- mined not to let their government get out of hand. Questioning of authority must be allowed and encouraged, since governments just naturally try to silence their oppo- nents. Speech must be beyond the reach of criminal sanctions; only "overt acts" should be punished. The framers of the Bill of Rights knew that if the American people were to govern themselves well, they must be well-informed. They must have access to all sorts of information, ideas and points of view (religious, political, artistic, etc.), no matter how obnoxious or dumb. (Other points of view are always dumber than our own. Have you noticed?) The precondition for a free society is an informed and enlightened citizenry. You can't be enlightened if you're only exposed to one point of view. Unless it's mine. Ever since 1791, we Americans have been free to say what we please without fear of reprisal, right? Ha, ha. Wrong. Our government, just like every government, has spent the last 203 years trying to suppress, dissent and ideas it doesn't like. That's the nature of the beast. Just seven years after adopting the preted by feeble-minded parents as giving them carte-blanche for brutal attacks on their young merely because the children anger their parents for some minor offense such as crying or wetting the bed. Indeed, a few weeks ago, a father was lodged in the county jail for just such an offense. Some parents hit or shake even babies for crying. 3. Hitting some children may make it harder for parents to suc- cessfully communicate with them. Maintaining close communication with children, especially in their adolescent years, is crucial for their successful navigation of those stressful years. I can still recall the faint edge of terror with which our teachers maintained order in my all-boys school nearly 50 years ago in Eng- land. In that same school, the least effective disciplinarian was a Mr. Tulip, an otherwise excellent history WEDNESDAY, DEC. 14 Seventh-day Adventist Community Ser- vice Center open to public, free clothing, 940 W Main, Sheridan, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. Storytime at the Willamina Library, 10:30 a.m. Preschoolers welcome. Serenity Sobrlety--AA, Grand Ronde Community Center, 5 p.m. Willamina Civic Club afternoon social, Senior Drop*In Center, 1 p.m. Care Closet, no cost clothing, 400 SW Main, WiUamina, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Sobriety Anonymous, The Donut Shop, Willamina, 7 p.m. Willamina Business Group, Coyote Joe's, 8 a.m. ~- Sheridan Rotary, Green Frog, noon. THURSDAY, DEC. 15 Grand Ronde Elementary Christmas concert, 7 p.m. Willamina West Valley Lion's Club, Vic's, 6:30 p.m. Primrose Rebekah, 188 NE 'D' St, Willamina, 7:30 p.m. West Valley Jaycees, Green Frog, 7 p.m. Willamina Civic Club potluck, Senior Drop-In Center, noon. Gospel Meeting, Chapman School, 7:30 p.m. FRIDAY, DEC. 16 YCAP at The Care Closet, 400 SW Main, Willamina, 1:4 p.m. AA--non-smoking, United Methodist Chumh, 234 N Bridge, Sheridan, 6:30- 7:30 p.m., 843-5376. Pinochle, American Legion Hall, 12:30 p.m. Everyone welcome. Bingo, Confederated Tribes Community >, Bill of Rights, Congress (over the objections of Madison and Jeffer- son) passed the Alien and Sedition Act that did basically the same thing as the hated English law of seditious libel. The Alien and Sedition Act was used by the dominant Federalist Party to prosecute a number of prominent Republican newspaper editors who printed things the Fed- eralists didn't like. Later, in the Cold War 1950's, the Sedition Act was used by McCarthy and cohorts to jail political dissidents and blacklist suspected dissidents. Free speech was a joke in the pre-Civil War South. You could only say what you wanted if you wanted slavery. In Virginia, anyone who "by speaking or writing maintains that owners have no fight of property in slaves" was subject to a one-year prison sentence. So much for the First Amendment. After the Civil War, other unpop- ular ideas became the targets of suppression. In 1912, feminist Mar- garet Sanger was arrested for talking about birth control. Trade union meetings were banned and courts routinely prohibited strikes and other labor protests. Protest against U.S. entry into World War I was silenced, and dissenters were jailed for their pronouncements and writ- ings. In 1923, author Upton Sinclair was arrested for trying to read the First Amendment at a union rally. So why didn't people take their cases to court? They did. The courts upheld the government. In 1918, two Supreme Court Justices, Louis D. Brandeis and Oliver Wendell Holmes, broke with the majority and said, hey wait a minute guys, speech cannot be punished unless it presents "a clear and present dan- ger" of imminent harm. Oh yeah? said the others. The "clear and present danger" standard did not win out until 1969, 171 years after passage of the Alien and Sedition Act, 178 years after the adoption of the Bill of Rights. The case that turned the tide involved the Ku Klux Klan. The Supreme Court struck down the conviction of a Ku Klux Klan member under a criminal syndical, ism law and declared that speech may not be suppressed or punished unless it is intended to produce "imminent lawless action" and it is "likely to produce such action." Otherwise, the First Amendment protects even speech that advocates violence. If I expect to be allowed to say what I please, then I must defend the right of KKK bigots to say what they please. Although I have litt!e;; respect for people who are high on negativity and low on facts (like Newt Gingrich and Rush Lirn- baugh), I must respect their right to foam at the mouth. And so it goes. We may not like someone's religion, but we must defend his right to practice it (and he must defend our right to practice ours). We may not agree with what a group asks the government for, but we must defend its right to ask. That's what the First Amendment is all about. If everyone agreed with me about everything, we wouldn't need the First Amendment. Alas, they don't, so we do. If everyone (including the government) respected everyone else's Constitutional rights, we wouldn't need to keep taking cases to court. Alas they don't, so we do. Newt Gingrich should be grateful to Madison, Jefferson and their ilk, If it weren't for the First Amend- ment and the people who have: defended it over the years, the Clinton administration could throw Newt in jail. Also Rush. And lots d others. In fact, any American who has ever criticized his government should be grateful for the Bill of Rights, especially the First Amend" ment. I suspect that means you. (I know it means me.) So come otl,# let's celebrate! Linda Fink is a Grand Ron~ resident and raises dharnpionship' goats. teacher. Mr. Tulip was taunted in every class by one student, Rick- wood, who Mr. Tulip used to punish by hitting. One day, Mr. Tulip was so furious with Rickwood that he, Rickwood and Rickwood's desk fell over onto the floor with Mr. Tulip still mining blows to Rickwood's head. Need- less to say, Mr. Tulip never quelled Rickwood's desire to play the fool. In the same school, the only woman teacher we had, a Mrs. Biers, who stood only 4'11" tall, maintained discipline without even raising her voice. My conclusion, from my school days experience, is that modern non-physical methods of discipline can be at least as effective as the traditional methods but without the drawbacks. In an ideal world, par- ents would switch immediately to new methods; unfortunately, that is not possible. Many parents, thou~, have abandoned traditional disCrr plinary methods because they have been led to believe that they consd' tute a form of child abuse. Indeed, some parents seem to have gone to the extreme of believing that any form of discipline is a form of abuse. Seen in this light, the churCh ladies, represented by Linda Dill, are helping other mothers to regain a sense of confidence about using tl~ methods of discipline that thvY understand and feel comfortable with. The key to retaining wide" spread public confidence in trad" tional methods of discipline, 1 believe, lies in helping parentS understand the difference betweetJ cruelty and abuse on the one hand and discipline, administered ina spirit of love, on the other. Anthony E. Bell, McMinnville Center, Grand Ronde, 6:30 p.m. SATURDAY, DEC. 17 Bridge Street Singers Christmas Des- sert Theatre, SHS cafetorium, 7 p.m. For reservations, 843-2162. The Care Closet, no cost clothing, 400 SW Main, Willamina, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Saturday Story Hour, Sheridan public library, 11 a.m. AA--non-smoking, United Methodist Church, 234 N Bridge, Sheridan, 6:30- 7:30 p.m., 843-5257. Pinochle, American Legion Hall, 6:30 p.m. Everyone welcome. Serenity Sobriety---AA, Riley Porter Building, Grand Ronde, 6 p.m. Bingo, Willamina VFW Hall, 6 & 7:30 p.m. MONDAY, DEC. 19 Chapman School Christmas cor~ert, gymnasium, 7 p.m. WUlamina Middle School & Willarni~. i High School Christmas concert, WNI~ 7:30 p.m. Sheridan city council, city hall, 7 ~ Willamina VFW, VFW Hall, 7:30 P.m'l Sobriety Anonymous, The Donut ShP Willamina, 7 p.m. ! AI-Anon, 1st Christian Church, Willll" mina, 7:30-8:30 p.m. T.O.RS. (Take Off Pounds Sheridan Church of the Nazarene, p.m.--weigh-in meeting. The Care Closet, no cost SW Main, Willamina, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. George Robertson EDITOR and PUBLISHER POSTAL NOTICE: Published weekly by The Sun, 136 E. Main Street, Sheridan, OR 97378. Second class postage paid at Sheridan, OR 97378. J SUBSCRIPTION RATES (one year): Sheridan, Willamina and Gran~ Ronde postal addresses, $19.00; all other U.S. postal addresses, $26,.uu'~; Payment must be received by 5 p.m. Wednesday for subscription to sts~ with the following Wednesday's edition. DEADLINES: Letters to the Editor, Society and Church, press general - Noon Friday. Legal Notices, Display - 5 p.m. Friday. Display - Noon Monday. Classified - 5 p.m. Monday. Phone 843-2312. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The Sun, P.O. Box Sheridan, Oregon 97378.