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September 21, 1994     The Sun Paper
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September 21, 1994
 

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4 The Sun, Wednesday, September 21, 1994 A farm or ranch is a great place to grow up. But chores assigned to children must be appropriate to their age and development. Otherwise they may get hurt. "A child's developmental stages have a great influence on the tasks they should be assigned," says Jim Williams, a safety education spe- cialist with Country Companies. Williams says as children grow, their minds along with their motor skills gradually develop, and then can handle increasingly more com- plex tasks. However, parents often overestimate their children's abili- ties and assign tasks too demanding for them to complete. Like Williams, Dr. Richard Clark, a professor at Ohio State University, is concerned with child safety. He has identified four different stages of child development: under 6, 6 to 11, 12 to 14, and 15 to 18. Clark believes that children at each stage have their own strengths and limitations for example, their reaction times. "The reaction time for a 5-year- old is three times slower than a 17-year-old," Clark says. And 5- year-olds have no fear of getting injured during a task--they basi- cally act without thinking. They don't understand the dangers involved with climbing a grain bin ladder or playing around operating machinery without supervision. Children under 6, however, can be given simple tasks--such as water- ing plants and feeding small animals if the food is measured out. Parents can provide less supervi- sion for children aged 6 to 11. However, parents should take cau- tion not to expect a child to corn- aware that they have poor eye/hand coordination which can prevent them from safely using a saw or hammer. Children from 12 to 14 feel im/nortal. They take the most risks of all age groups. These children don't take responsibility for their actions, according to Williams. "They could very likely climb into a grain bin and walk on top of the crusted corn thinking they can't fall in. Before they know it, though, they can sink into the corn and suffocate," he says. Some children of these ages are also rebellious, rejecting ready- made solutions. They would prefer doing the opposite of their parent's instructions just to spite them, Wil- liams adds. At this age, the children want to accompany adults during farm work and do adult type tasks. "They tend to be great project starters but some are poor finishers," Clark says. "These children must be very inter- ested in completing a task or they will not complete it. To them, tasks are either interesting or boring." They can have limited power tool use with supervision and can use hand tools without supervision. "However, they may not be physi- cally prepared to handle a task such as driving a tractor, especially when something goes wrong," Clark notes. Children from age 15 to 18 still are not quite as developed as adults. However, they feel their size and age can substitute for their ability. They are quite competitive, independent, aggressive and some are rebellious. They can handle some adult tasks, plete some tasks by themselves, such as operating a tractor or work- "At this stage, parents may still ing on agrain bin, "It's important to overestimate the child's ability rem~ber that they need to gain the level," Clark says. "They have to experience of completing adult experience being there." Williams agrees with Clark and emphasizes the overconfidence of children at this age. "These children also overestimate their own abilities and feel they can handle such tasks as spreading the fertilizer or pestic- ides themselves. Orally instructing them simply doesn't work; you must show them." Fatigue is also a danger. When children get tired they are vulnera- ble to being injured. Williams recommends this age group should not be given tasks which require accuracy or high quality work. They can complete tasks which require using hand tools but have less success with power tools. However, parents must be tasks but with supervision from an adult," Clark says. Children of farmers and ranchers can help on the farm or ranch. However, it's important that parents only give their children tasks that are appropriate for their age. As children gain more experience, par- ents can gradually increase the com- plexity and difficulty of their tasks. Agricultural accidents cost more than $4 billion a year in lost wages, medical expenses and insurance costs, according to the Country Companies. Characteristics of Child Developmental Stages Slow reacdon time Short attention span • Fearless wid hll cudodty • Poor Impulse conmal/bad ludgement • Feel they can handle adult tasks • Hust be shown procedures of a task • Poor eye/hand coordination • Quickly become fatigued Ages 12 to 14 • Host dangerous age group • Feel Immortal and are risk-takers • Rebellious/contradict Instructions • Cannot completely finish projects Ages 15 to 18 • Feel size and age substitute for ability • Independent, competitive and rebellious • Push equipment beyond safety limits I I I II Charles Laughlin Jere Laughlin • Home Heating Fuel We still carry shell diesel and lubricants. LAUGHLIN OIL CO. Petroleum Products 1920 Lafayette Ave. * RO. Box 767 McMinnville, OR 97128 Call (503)472-7215 for prompt delivery Sept. 21, 1993 was just another ordinary work day for farmer Aden Sieg of Shirley, I11. Just another ordinary task of unloading the grain bin. "I work with it everyday," Sieg says. While the grain bin was empty- ing, its auger came to a screeching halt. From this point on, Sieg's ordinary day transformed into a nightmare. After climbing into the bin with an old broom stick, Sieg discovered rotten corn plugging the auger hole for the corn to escape. In the past, he would prop open the outside trap door at the bottom of the grain bin to knock the corn loose. This time, though, the door wouldn't budge, so he climbed into the bin. He started jabbing the stick into the grain to knock the rotten corn loose. Before he knew it, the clogged area had cleared and corn started flowing out. The swiftness of the flow took him by surprise. As a result, the corn had formed a funnel type motion, sucking him in toward the center and quickly pulling him under up to his neck. "It kept getting tighter and tighter around my legs and the pressure was unbearable. I tried to think of any- thing I could do to help myself," recalls Sieg. He tried to climb out but couldn't. The only thing that could save him now was the auger quitting. But he was convinced this wouldn't happen and that he couldn't survive. "I could see my whole life flash before my eyes," he says. In his next breath, the auger miraculously quit. The broom stick had wedged in the blade of the auger. "It was the best sound I heard all day. The auger probably never would have quit otherwise," Sieg says. His co-workers heard the sound and looked into the grain bin. They saw Sieg buried up to his chin and immediately called 911. Emergency workers arrived in about 10 minutes. The rescue team cut holes in the front and back of the bin to relieve the pressure from Sieg's body. It took an hour to free him from the bin. "I guess God and good luck were on my side that day," Sieg says. He was also fortunate the pressure around his chest wasn't as severe as the pressure around his legs and that none of his co-workers tried to jump in and help him. If either of these had occurred, Sieg says, he wouldn't have survived. As experienced farmers, Sieg and his co-workers did not have agreed- upon safety rules. He says a safety plan probably would have existed if he were using hired help and/or inexperienced help. Several safety precautions could have been taken to prevent the accident, according to Jim Williams, a safety education specialist with the Country Companies insurance group. The most important thing to do first is to shut off the machinery before entering the bin. "That's where it has to start," Williams says. "Also, if he worked with a co- worker, the accident probably wouldn't have happened," he adds. A co-worker should have been at the top of the grain bin watching over Sieg in case of an emergency. Williams says many farmers feel they won't get injured because they are experienced and in control of the situation regardless of the dangers involved. "Anyone working in a trade can build up a complacency about what they're doing," Williams adds. Farmers are accustomed to doing something a certain way, Williams says, and they don't want to change their methods even though they could be dangerous. "Old habits are definitely hard to break and even catastrophic in this case." Williams believes younger far- mers are more inclined to be safety- conscious because of the focus placed on safety in today's society. "They've grown up in an era of safety education," he notes. "Most farmers involved in grain bin accidents do not survive," Willi- ams points out. "Arlen was very fortunate to get out of the bin alive." Children are agriculture's most important natural resource. However, an estimated 24,000 children are injured and 300 killed each year in agricultural accidents. Many of these deaths are the result of tractor roll-overs and run-overs. To insure the safety of children in agriculture, the Country Companies insurance group recommends a "NO EXTRA RIDER" policy for all agricultural machinery. VACUUM ATTACHMENT $29.99 Value** $149.99 Model 432 Blower features: • 170 mph maximum air velocity • 360 cubic ft. ofairperminute • On-handle locking throttle trigger • Vibration-dampened handle • 32cc, 2-cycle engine • DuraChrome° cylinder for longer engine life • Vac capable • 2.year limited warranty [DuraChrome l EXTENDED LIFE ENGINES J 'With Poulan PRO* Home Source' Retail Financing THE PRO APPROACH SPECIAL NOTICE Cemetet,es S;ates SPEC~L 813 132 Main St., Sheridan, OR 843-3893 "*M~ln~l~Ctut .~" S $~.(; ;eSt .'td r e!a,I p~q:es This DlO(r~hon 'S OOt ~al rfh all (~(,a'ers Check ~he deai~ tried f~ the 't~ms at~l ~u~at 0,1 ol thtf, Offal Emergency services personnel administer oxygen to farmer Arlen Sieg after he was rescued from a grain bin last September. Sieg had entered the bin to unclog an auger when he sank up to his neck in corn. He was trapped in grain bin for more than an hour before being rescued.--Photo courtesy of The Pantagraph, Bloomington, III. 9 NUMEER ONE WORLDWIDE Service and Repair -All Makes and ModeB 2 and 4 Cycle Small Engines Chainsaws • Bush Cutters Blowers • Lawnmowers Rototillers • Generators, etc. ATVs Tune-up Specials Service at it's Best Serving Yamhill County 45 Years 2330 Hwy 18 - 3 Mile Lane ,q, • Would you like to run faster without sacrificing a smooth, stable ride? • Would you like to see your fuel and maintenance bills drop? And forget about high tire costs? • Would you like to see your crops come up lush and full because compaction doesn't strangle root systems? • Would you like to see the tillage tractor that can do all this for you? We can show it to you. It's the Challenger 65C or the Challenger 75 from Caterpillar, two of the best tillage tractors in any field. Thanks to a unique Moblltrac system, Challenger tractors offer :the high flotatiO0' low compaction, and superior tractive performance of a track-type machine Plus tile speed and mobility of a wheel tractor. And to this, a fuel saving engine, direct drive powersl i!'-" transmission, comfortable and easy maintenance and repair and you have the Challenger tractor ... the answer to your tillage questions. _! We'd like to show you fir hand what Challenger can do for you. Portland Salem The Dalles 4421 N.E. Columbia Blvd. 2246 Judson St. S.E. 1238 W. Second St. (503) 288-6411 (503) 364-0602 (503) 296-4642 FAX (503) 281-9458 FAX (503) 364-9527 FAX (503) 296-1733 FAX TOLL-FREE 1-800-452-7676 (Portland) 1-800-547.7666 (Washington)