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Sheridan , Oregon
May 2, 2007     The Sun Paper
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May 2, 2007

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Wednesday, May 2, 2007, The Sun 5 4-Hers tour Willamina Meat Youngsters in the 4-H Crazy Critters took a field trip to Willamina agriculture. All the 4-H members have animal projects and found right, shows them how to grade a lamb carcass. Photo courtesy of Gall Bennett Meat to learn more about the processing side of animal the tour very interesting and educational. Mike Alger, at The Associated Press Mid-valley farmer Weldon Burkholder starts the engine on his augur, and white and black pellets begin streaming into a hopper on a fertilizer spreader. Soon, Burkholder has loaded more than 2,500 pounds of nitro- gen that will cover about 6 acres on a field southeast of Albany. He's also spent about $500. The routine will be repeated Several ~imes throughout the day. Burkholder and other area farm- ers and livestock producers are pay- ing more for fertilizer this year, as are producers all around the Coun- try. "In January, we paid $350 per ton for 46-0-0 nitrogen," Burkholder said. "This week, it's about $400 per ton. It doesn't seem like it was too many years ago that it was about $200 per ton." Burkholder has grown grass seed for about 25 years and expects his per-acre input cost for some types of fertilizer to be about $80. The type of fertilizer and how much is used depends on the crop. Some crops need 250 pounds of fertilizer per acre, while others require 400 pounds. "Everything we use in agricul- ture is interrelated," Burkholder said. "Costs have gone up across the board, from production to de- livery. Chemical prices are also going way up. Burkholder farms about 1,300 acres and said a number of factors are contributing to escalating fer- tilizer costs. "For the first time in history, domestic nitrogen is cheaper than imported nitrogen," Burkholder said. "Emerging countries like China and India are now big buy- ers on the international market." Like many mid-valley farmers, Burkholder's operation is diversi- fied. His crops include annual Beth Parsons, purchasing coor- dinator for Western Farm Services Cascade Division based in Tangent, said she has seen five or six price increases in one month for some forms of fertilizer. "Fertilizer prices are up, in part due to supply and demand," Par- sons said. "New prices come out to the growers on a monthly or semimonthly basis. They don't nec- essarily see the price increases we see." Parsons said the fertifizer export market is strong. Demand is grow- ing in countries like Brazil and Malaysia. With increaseddemand comes increased production, Par- sons said, but plantsneed downtime for maintenance. "It's hard to resume increased production required every quarter or every year without putting some money and downtime into the plants. When they're down, it means lost business,"Parsons said. Many fertilizer plants and mines are old, Parsons said, and are ex- periencing growing paros as they attempt to make renovations to handle trucks and rail cars more efficiently. The boom in ethanol production in the Midwest is also a factor in escalating fertilizer prices. Parsons said. The amount of land dedicated to corn production in key Midwest- em states is expected to grow by more than 13 percent to about 88.5 million acres -- the most since the PACKAGE DEALS ON NEW KUBOTA TRACTORS Select your size & model tractor and choose from a wide variety of ryegrass, perennial ryegrass, fes- implements for BIG SAVINGS. cue, orchardgrass and clover. I H 99W I 'J I OI'Q" I so I-c ' --t- I SELL YOUR UNUSED ITEMS I N L,mCK E. .L I IN THE CLASSIFIEDS!I A C"""`u'L' "" I Call 503-843-2312 I FARM SUPPLY I I Dl llll k "77% ,k 99W I I dllll 9 E ,J) eo.eox67 I mCenAa, Oe I I (sos) 023-2365 I ,AFTER BILL (503) 623-8677 II j~ 1940s. Planting corn alter corn re- quires more fertilizer than rotating corn with other crops such as soy- beans. "Obviously, this is going to take a huge amount of fertilizer off the market and will put pressure on our local markets," Parsons said. Pat Boren, also of Western Farm Service. said getting an accurate snapshot of fertilizer prices is like try to hit a moving target: " -: It's also important to compare apples to apples -- comparing the same fertilizer mixtures -- when talking about price increases. "In the 1990s, domestic fertil- izer plants were closing because they couldn't compete with low prices from the world market," Boren said. Boren said the price for 40-0- 06 -- fertilizer widely used on grass seed crops -- has gone up about $100 per ton in the last three months. Depending on the type of fertilizer and the amount needed, cost per acre could be up $15 to $20. he said. The good news, he said. is that commodity prices are up through- out much of the country. Dave Nelson of the Oregon Seed Council said that although producers are looking at relatively strong seed prices, he expects their costs to outstrip their gains. "They're going to get a little more for seed, but it's all going to be eaten up by extra costs," Nelson SALES SERVICE ACCESSORIES Chain Saws Brush Cutters Blowers Hedge Trimmers Concrete Saws Wire Rope and Rigging A NORTHWEST IIN6 SUPPLY, INC. (5031 472-4'115 2330 Stratus Ave. McMinnville ,7 ds 20 Business Gar Prices start at only t.o-rs or sT' LEs e, coLogs for 1,000 cards I TO C~'lOOS~ FROM fdeluxe while with black thermography) ~- See us also for Business Forms, Stationery, Flyers, Copies, Wedding Invitations, Rubber Stamps and Morel Publishing & Printing 136 E. Main Street - P.O. Box 68 - Sheridan, OR 97378 - Phone (503) 843-2312 The latest battle in the war were detected in a residential area against the plant-eating gypsy moth of Bend, in central Oregon. That in Oregon is about to begin this followed the detection of a single spnng m St. Helens and Bend as moth in Bend in 2005. A higher the Oregon Department of Agricul- density of traps placed in the area ture prepares to once again keep the confimted a breeding population of invasive insect species from estab- gypsy moths. Never before have so lishing in the state, many gypsy moths been trapped The 2007 gypsy moth eradica- east of the Oregon Cascades. ODA tion efforts include the first ever entomologists found additionalevi- project east of the Cascades and dence that pointed to a problem. only the third time ODA has dealt "When you find 57 gypsy moths with the Asian variety of gypsy in an area, as well as live female moth. gypsy moths and live egg masses, "We had no gypsy moth, eradi- you know you have a reproducing cation projects in 2006, so this is a population," says Johnson. big year for us," says Kathleen In Bend, three aerial applica- Johnson, supervisor of ODA's In- tions of a biological insecticide will sect Pest Prevention and Manage- take place during the month of May ment Program. on a 533-acre site that includes resi- Gypsy moth is not native to Or- dential and other properties located egon and is considered a serious primarily between U.S. Highway pest of trees and shrubs. ODA's 20 and U.S. Highway 97. The three goal is to prevent negative eco- applications are scheduled to take nomie and environmental damage place 14 days apart. to Oregon by loss of foliage on Introductions of gypsy moths in trees, restrictive quarantines on Oregon can usually be traced to commodities, or loss of favorable vehicles or outdoor household ar- fish habitat due to degraded water- ticles originating from infested ar- sheds, eas of the northeastern U.S. When After a couple of years ofa rela- people move to or visit Oregon tively low fiumber of gypsy moth from these infested areas, the gypsy detections in Oregon. activity moth or its eggs hitches a ride. In picked during last summer's state- this case, the Bend infestation is wide trapping program. A total of believed to have originated from a 66 gypsy moths were found in traps car purchased from the East Coast. throughout the state -- up from only When the car arrived, so did the nine detections in 2005. Of the 66 gypsy moth unwtttingly by the gypsy moths trapped last year, 57 new owner. said. "The farmers I've talked to are going to try to minimize their trips across fields to cut down on fuel costs Maybe they can get by with one disking instead of three, that kind of stuff." Nelson said he is optimistic about seed prices, although there is some concern about the continued winter weather in the Northeast, which is a major spring market for many grass seed companies. MACHINE SHOP SERVICE *McMinnville* *Sheridan* Monmouth Carlton Mehama *Woodbum* 1717 N Baker 317 S. Bddge 373 N. Pacific Hwy. 155 N. Yamhill 21385 SantJam hwy. 1655 James St. 472-6114 843-2211 838-0460 852-7071 859-2100 981-3391 * Machine shops at these locations* Hours: Monday - Friday 8 a,m. to 7 p.m Saturday 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. McMinnville and Woodburn stores also open Sunday, 10 a,m. ta 4 p.m. o the news stand price when you subscribe to The Sun/ Have THE SUN defivered in your mail week of the year for only $29.00 ~BJ I | I I I | special You get complete coverage of local news sports community and school events , Features and shopping information, tooI | It's easy to subscribe to THE SUN. Simply fill out this coupon and mail it with II your check or money order to: THE SUN, P.O. Box 68, Sheridan, OR 97378 | or bring it with your payment to our office at 136 E. 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