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Sheridan , Oregon
May 2, 1963     The Sun Paper
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May 2, 1963

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: Rod Gun : E : i =. i | -= =. By MILT J. GUYMON i OREGON STATE GAME COMMISSION i Uh|'n Fish shallow in the spring, go deep durirtg the heat of the SUmmer, come back toward the surface as autumn temperatures COol the upper waters, and plunk for the depths again during the r months. In general, this rule for the anler can be followe5 with con- fidence throughout t h e year When fishing in Oregon lakes for mt species of cold water I.i. There are plenty of excep- " u''to'this,general-rule, but.we n safely say that anglers will experience the best Success if *. they follow the "thermocline." 'During the'summer a lake un- normal circumstances be- e stratified into three lay- ers: the warmer upper portion and the much colder deep por- tion separated ,by a layer of wa- ter !led the th.ermocline in temperature change is ra- " mra its top to its : bottom. athis thermocline has a deci- d"iiifluence on your angl'ng: Bear in mind that during the summer the position of the ther- aOcllne depends to a great deal, ln the total area over which tile Wind has full opportunity to ert its influence.  In general, smaller the surface area the gher will be the: position of the aermocline. In addition, there aasome lakes, especially the llow ones, where stratifica- tion is uncertain. There are all gradations between those lakes Which are too shallow to stratify and:the &ep ones where stratifi- cation is positive. EXamples of this stratification mi..ht be Sv,uth Twin lake near Wkkiup reservoir as compared to Odell or Paulina lake. At the former the thrmocline may de- velop no deeper than 15 or 20 feet below the surface, while in the latter two the thermocline may be as deep as 60 to 100 feet or more. I am certain that many uf yu readex:s, while swimming, espeeiall.y du.ring the early part of the summer, have suddenly encountered a cold strata of wa- ter .pe'haps 10 Seetor so bentatl the'S'uface: At certain times all .a swimmer has to d6 to feel this sudden temperature change istol dai{gle ,his feet straightdown: As kfds we believed this to be caused by a cold, underwater spring, and it was considered a daredevil feat to dive down into this cold strata of water. Little did we know his phenomenon was the development 'of the thermoeline, the annual stratifi- cation of a lake. We won't go into the chemical and biological complex of a lake. Needless to say, there is no such thing as chemically pure water. Such water voiald be a biological desert. "The existence of life within water depends up- on the presence of that miscell- aneous array of substances, and in a general way, the richer the contained substances the greater the prod, uctivity. The thermocline i s actually the transition zone between the warmer and more productive up- per waters ,of a lake and the lo- i wer, colder section. Although oxygen depletion may occur in m BENEFIT DANCE BUELL GRANGE HALL Saturday, May 4 Music by Adm. $1 SMOKEY & HIS NIGHT RIDERS ihe deCOr @orUon;,. the co ae water has a greater ability to retain oxygen than the warmer, upper area. Depletion in the 1o. wer depths may occur when the xygen consuming processes oc. :ur at a more rapid rate than the oxygen supplyinz proce,:cs. Even though the loss of oxygen i is more rapid in the upper area, it is kept well supplied through wind and wave action. The basic food for all life within a lake, including fist, is the many forms of small plants and animals known aa planiAc... Phytoplankton (plants) sustain life through the process of plto- tosynthesis and their depth with- in a lake depends upon the depth of light penetration a:: well as water temperature. Zoo- plankton (animals) follow their food source, the phytoplankton, but here again, these animals are directly influepced by lighl and water temperature. In othe words, within the plankton com- plex there isa series of organ- isms which lifts "potential f- stuffs to different levels of avail- ability, beginning with the inor- ganice materials and culminat- ing in small but highly organi- zed plankton animals which in turn become one of the main ing c'(nditions. To illustrate how pro/oud this may be, game commission biolo- gists working in diving suits at Odell lake last summer obse."v- ed within the thermocline a thin layer of plankton so dense it was impossible to see through it. As one skin diver reported, "the layer was so dense it was like l:,oi,:ing at the edge of a flat sheet of metal." AboVe or below this edge the plane extended out as far .as the worker could see under the availabie light condi- tions. The abundanoe el plank- ton at or near the thermocline was also revealed by towing plankton nets at various depths and at periodic intervals during the summer. The vertical distribution el plankton through the summer tollows closely the temperature changes as well as the light.pen- etrati0n and degree of intensity. Daily migrations occur among some species, toward the surface at night and in the reverse direc,. tion with the onset of daylight. Perhaps this might, explain in part why angling is eonsidered best during the early morning hours and again Just . before nightfall. , Wolter in &ir Force Lackland AFB, Texas -- Air- man :Basic Dale IL Welter, son of M.r. and Mrs. Howard D. Wol- i ter of 175 N.VT. Third St., Wllla- i mina, has bee n selected Jor training an& duty as an air po- liceman at thLs Air Force base. i Airman Welter, who enlisted in the Air Force a short ti ago, has just completed his ha- !sic military training here. [ The airman is a 1962 graduate of Willamina hig school. I I I II I I + , Up for mf.00: Some 933 Yamhill county wheat producerswith 1964 farm allotments of less than 15 acres must sign up with the Yamhill County Agricultural Stabiliza- tion and Conservation Service of- fice if hey wish to vote in the national wheat relerendum May 21, reminds Hugh J. Hickerson, Yamhill county extension agent. Growers with small allotments must register by May 13 in or- der to qualify to vote or wheth- e or nat marletlng quotas will be in effect for the 1964 crop. Growers ,with 1964 allotments of 15 acres or mare are automatical- ly qualified to vote. Producers with allotments of less than 15 acres who desire to vote must sign and return the eleCtion notice included on their 1964 farm acreage allotment form, identified as Form MQ24, the agent noted, ' Bg filing this form,:+te small producer can qualify to vote May 21, Hickerson explained. The grower will also be eligible /or price supports: marketing certificates and diversion pay- ments if. the proposed marketing sources of food for fish. The studies at Odell also dis- i . Birthday Obll quotas are approved ,by a two- We still haven't explained how :closed that kokanee salmon fol-  Mrs* William Iksch observed [thirds vote. . the thermocline., artects ),our [ low the seasonal as ,well as daily [ her birthday April 21, and was [ Small growers who ilo: not sign W 1 letS get on wna fishing, el , i . ; ' . ] migrat'ons of their food source, t happy to have her daughter, :Mr. I by May 13 will not be eligible it, but we firStnce haaof tathisPmntoasicOm 1 During" the day these Iineat orgame / andnear Mrs. Robert Campbell and ]f Vote or to.i tesreeeiVeo price sup- the importa hsh were concentrated tchildren of Ti,ard also Mrs. A1- ports, certit ea r diversion llIe i " ' ' food source. " " s extrem"l ithe thermoclin.e, as much as 801med a Johnsonan son, Mr. and payments, He can, however sell Most aquatic " " . - + l feet or more below the surface. !Mrs. Clifford Johnson and three, his wheat without marketing tern erature cnanges ere v sensitive to P .... " . 1Th.  as a general rising to- ]daug;hters of Portland, and Mr quota penalty if he plants with- es onus wire con- , " t n6 a " " and usually r .P ..  , tard the surface at mgh , a " and Mrs Morris Campbell i of in his allotment. imon it s en ra- t rin the siderable prec " . g -. . letreat o the depths du g Sheridan help her celebrate the If marketing quotas are not ly recogmze& that.,.tlae g,eatcsn tday. Rainbow trout and ethel event with a big birthday dinner approved by the nation's wheat pJamton aounua-ce *,ucur , ,game rmh followed thts leo(, at the. Borsch home Mrs lobert farmers, those wiho sign will be in essentially the same position the colder waters rather than th2 warm, upper surface. Trout, too, will move to colder depths w.hen surface water becomes to() warm for comfort. With these facts ir mind let's take a look at what might happen over the course of a summer. In early spring the food s(mr- ce for fish (plankton) may be well distribute_d throughout the water of a lake. Water at this period is of a uniform, cold tem- perature and light intensity is soft. As spring progresses and, surface water warms, the plank- ton complex seeks its tempera- ture requirement and moves to lower levels. The intensity of the light also increases; and since most forms of plankton require the softer, ultraviolet rays, this too causes a downward migra- tion toward the depths. During the peak of the summer there may be a heavy concentration of plankton near and within the thermocline strata since this at- George & Agnes Kulick ANNOUNCE The Purchase of the Interest of Clyde Lindsay in the SHERIDAN HALL 209 South Bridge We invite Your Patronage! chain throughout the season. One of the most outstanding features to remember in the en- t!ra aquatic complex of a lake is the complete dependence, qther direct or indirect, of the fish and,: other higher animals upon th plankton, Other species of fish such as kokanee are plankton 1 yes. feeders throughout their i Other species of fish such as trout are plankton feeders dur- ing a particular stage in their life cycle, and some may remain plankton feeders throughout their life. Some fish are carni- vorous, at least in certain stages. and therefore, are but indirectly concerned with the plankton. Lake trout or otlaer large trout might be good 6xamples here, although through most of their lives these large trout are cer- tainly depen6ent on various food fish which, in turn, are depen. dent on the plankton. What does all this mean? In brief, it means that except for spring and fall, when the lake is undergoing its annual turn- over and .general thorough mix- Ing, those little plants and ant. reals known asplankton follow the thermoeline. Game fish fol- ow this food : source which Campbell brought a very pretty eeorated birthday cake and the as if they had not indicated a de- guest of .honor was the recipient  sire to vote, Hickerson said. of many nice gifts. } Of the 1399 known w.h,eat pro. ducers in Yamhill county, about Sheridan D,e'-:-L [ 70% of them. are affected by the small farm provisions of the t law, the agent said. The coun- The Study Club will meet May t ty's total allotment for 1964 is 9 at the home of Mrs. Lelandt15,200 acres. Sackett, with Mrs. Harold Whit- t field as co-hostess. Mrs. Ade/f In 18 years only 1.6 percent of Pelzer will present the topic, The i six million GI home loans have Sheridan Community  From i been defaulted, the Veterans AcL Chaps to Chevrolets, an0 the ',r + ministration reports. Remember" will be given by Mrs. W. It. Brandt. The June 13 meet- .... ing will be a picnic at Buell D. R. L. Huflbmt Park, which will be the conclud- ing meeting of the current year. The topic for that day will be "I Remember Buell Park" by Mrs. Emma Seth. President Kennedy recently spotlighted the need for increas- ed employment for mentally re- tarded adults, will In($us- tries has'pioheerd in providing vocational rehabilitation for all types of handicapped people, in- cluding the mentally retailed. means they, too, frequent in or close to the thermoeline. 00mmunity CalendS: ' Molev/, M/ 6 Annual Garden Club rambt Wednesday. May 8 Circle 1 will meet at the k,+.;:r., of Mrs. Seth. Circle 2 will meet with Mrs Winnie Harrison, 2 p.m. Circle No. 3 of the MethoJ[sL Church will meet at 2:30 at. ':he. home of Ruth and Edyi]e- Rhodes. Circle 4 of WSOS will meet with Mrs. Lloyd Palmer. Circle. members will gather at kle..+ Hotel at 1:45 p.m. gor tranor ration. vti. mrs Study Club at home of Mrs, Le,+ land Sackett. 13krlstlan Home Circle wll meet at 8 p.m, at the Methodist church. Guest speaker will be ffaek Prlce of +McMinnville speak- ing on Family Relations. Guests; and members axe urged to at- tend. ...... , .... Spring" ls a time : o/ renewa and growth. SO we:all feel glad be alivein, the. spring. Express this glad feeling b doing some- 'thing ughtfu! Of. Others. Job fr handicapped people at Good will Industries can be created and malnfained by sndlng ire pairable dot.hing and hotmeholc articles to Goodwill. EpeciaHy needed are dining riving a.nct bedroom, furniture, and table ra- dios. " ,. i The bronze placue on t&e Veterans AdminiStration's head- [quarters in Wagliington is inscri- tbed with Abe Lincoln's words: t"To Care For Him Who Shall ]Have Borne The Battle And For I His Widow And ttis Orphan." ImAD A GOOD BOOK TODAY! Sheridan Library Hours: tit OPTM ETRISrI' Mo,,.. Tue,. ill O,fl00. i..amstreet Bldg. Wed. - Thu,s. /11 so.m Bridge Seet t q_']aursdays _. ,-a ,.m. I I ! 9 A.M. to 5 P M * Saturdc, if! Satu ays a'4:' rm" , " i l i 2 P.M. to 6 P.M. ma3r on l moo, nan + Who needs muscles? ' Do you know how easy it is to take a e0 .m.er .with a Corvair or park one. Turn tl newspaper sideway and it r will give you a pretty good idea. The wheel handles just about that r easi!y. The C vair s engine is in the rear, for not onb:.greater traction, but more balanced weight dmtnbutiono And that's what makes the steering so completely effortless, The engine is air cooled, too. No radi- ator. No water or antifreeze. No belong over or reezmg tip to worry about, ll; la es the weather and the terrain as it comes. AT' CHElmOLEI DEALER'S t sun, ert.,tbo, bright sunny  And befd, looking a z frm tt vraetical, point of view, it's 1 lvel time right now at your Chevrole dea1_er's. He s g.ot some beautiful buys. _ ut younaa oetter hurry beforesomebo muscles ,in ahead of you. SprinE's hl... Summer s coming+fast. And with thesespor ' good4o01dng Corvaim selling the wy _h.cr are, o who hesitates will want to /acl : himself. - * CHECK HIS TNT g00LS ON CHEVR01.00, CHEVY H, CORVAIR AND CORVEg00 +  i J k : it _ I I II i I " - Pelzer-Tuggle Chevrolet Co. " SHERIDAN. OREGON