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April 20, 1994     The Sun Paper
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6 The Sun, Wednesday, April 20, 1994 By Phil Hodgen Special Writer, The Sun On July 20, 1994, the world will pause to reflect on the 25th anniver- sary of an event unparalleled in human history--man's first landing on the moon. The intervening years have brought us Vietnam, Watergate, Yuppies, the end of the Cold War, the Environment and AIDS. Yet most of us are far more affected by the contributions to our way of life that the technology of the "space race" has given us, according to Willamina resident Pete Cotting. Cotting, a school bus driver, Odyssey of the Mind program vol- unteer, machinist and model maker should know--he was there. After growing up in Massachu- setts and taking some courses at MIT, he went to work for Sylvania Electric and, later, Wiley Laborator- ies, an independent test lab where he worked on the testing, assembly, propulsion and launch of Skybolt and Polaris missiles. Next stop was the Apollo pro- gram. At TRW in California, he helped build the lunar landing mod- ule, the Eagle, that Apollo 11 used on the first landing. Cotting and several others signed a panel on that landing craft that is still on the moon. Later he was involved in the Skylab project which was to be a long-term working laboratory for experimentation and manufacturing in space. "One of the things that has always bothered me is that NASA has never blown its own horn," says Cotting. "There are so many every day things that people now take for granted that are direct descendants of the space age." Cotting notes that medicines, las- ers, satellite transmission, the clarity of television and radio signals and pens that write upside down are all attributable to the space program. According to Cotting, the civilian applications of what were initially military related uses are only just beginning to be realized. "There are still tons of it that has not been applied that will advance society tremendously," he notes. Cotting expresses frustration that even though the Skylab project, which cost $500 million to put up and made over a $1 trillion through its eflbrts, was called off. But the priority of expenditures in Vietnam crippled the space program. An unabashed proponent of space technology, Cotting takes great joy in giving an insider's view of the challenges and discoveries he has experienced. In working on waste disposal and breathing, he had to address the question: "OK, here's a guy 200 miles up in the air and he has a stomach ache...what are we going to do for him?" Sorry, no detail on that. On Apollo 12, Cotting says, the astronauts experimented for the first time with a laser pointed from the moon to the earth for communica- tions research. The laser beam was 2/2,(h"~) of an inch in diameter when it left the moon and 20 feet in diameter on the earth. What they found, after flying planes through it to see if there would be interference, was static-free transmission. "If someone stood in this diame- ter on the earth they could talk to someone on the moon as if they were talking to each other on a street corner," says Cotting. This discovery resulted in the develop- ment of fibre optics transmission which has revolutionized telephone lines. - Cotting smiles when he notes that the success of "observation" or spy satellites led to electronic pictures. "That's what they were called in 1963. We call them FAX pictures now." During his years at TRW, Cotting came across a computer built to work with spacecraft that has the capacity to transmit all of the infor- mation in the Library of Congress in five minutes. TRW's efforts in this area grew into a division that makes cash registers that use bar codes and one that specializes in consumer credit data retrieval. Experimenting with heat insula- tion, Cotting explains, the techni- cians found that some of the poly- mers transferred heat and some did not. Mylar insulation, Corningwear, catalytic converters and heaters are some of the unanticipated spinoffs from their experiments. Cotting submits an impressive example of the challenge these sci- entists faced when searching for the perfect way to protect space voyag- ers and equipment from the temper- atures of space. "A single sheet of paper in space has a temperature of 490 degrees on the side toward the sun, and is minus 457, or absolute zero, on the other side. If you are going to survive up there you cannot survive on either side, you have to be in between," he says. Cotting is pleased to see the international cooperation in space exploration these days as evidenced by the recent space shuttle mission that included a Russian. "One of the big advantages of the end of the Cold War is that both countries are finding out about what the other country has done so that they will not have to waste time in the same tedious research and experimentation," he says. On the advice of friends in Ore- gon, Cotting and his wife, Joyce, moved to Willamina to get away from the explosion of population and problems in Southern Califor- nia. In addition to his morning and afternoon school bus route, he spends Tuesday mornings preparing students for the Odyssey of the Mind competition, a hands-on pro- gram challenging their creativity and inventiveness. As their coach he gets to build a model for the stu- dents, but they decide what the finished one is and build it them- selves. The father of eight children, Cot- ting is involved because he believes that kids today do not know how to work well with their hands. "A computer is a convenience," he says. "It's like a hammer, a tool to help you. You should put it second, behind your mind, not first." Pete Cotting ought to know...he's been there. I Rnd whet you're looking for I in the classified ads! 843.2312 HIGH QUALITY PHOTO COPIES, reductions and enlargements, too. The Sun, 136 E. Main St., Sheridan. II II 'THE MASTERS" Seining gahthill Conty Sittee 1978 *Rock Walls *Stone Patio's *Rock Gardens ALSO ; * Ponds. Sprinlden, Pruning Services New & Renovated Lawns and ~ do ~,aintataHctl I LCB #6038 "We are your Problem Solvers" I Tractors - Tillers Hedge Trimmers Stump Grinders Limb Chippers Sod Cutters - Thatchers - Aerators - Weed Eaters 731 W. Ba ijne 408 W. First Newberg 538-7352 Mike Cotting, left, helps students in Willamina work on their Odyssey of the Mind project. By Ann Schauber My mother-in-law has come to live with us! Just hearing the words "mother- in-law" makes many people cringe and scream, "Get her away from me!" Not so with my mother-in- law! She is a 74-year-old delight. She walks into a room with a smile on her face and a certain twinkle- ness in her walk that makes you want to sit down and talk with her. She is not a cookie baker or a knitter. But she does not sit around and tell us how to run our house- hold, either. She tries her best to fit into our busy lifestyle. She prepares dinner every night and does most of the laundry. Becky comes to live with us for the winter months every year and then goes back to her cottage in Northern Michigan for spring and summer. The first year that she came to live with us, she was more nervous than we were about adding another person to our daily family routine. She had bad memories of the days when her mother-in-law came to live with her. Her mother-in-law refused to lift a finger to help out around the house, was judgmental about the proper way to run a household and was rather demanding when it came time to have her own needs taken care of. Becky was worried that she would affect us in the same way. The truth is that we all look forward to her arrival and feel a loss when she leaves us in the spring. She has a way of making you feel good without hardly saying a word. After her husband died three years ago, Becky came to live with us for her first winter. She needed time'to rest after the long slow ordeal of beirtgWith her hu~lSarlfl'a~ ' he died. After she arrived, she told me that she was looking forward to having time to daydream again. She said, "I used to set aside time every day to daydream. I think it is really important to do.' I was shocked. No one had ever told me that it was important to daydream every day. Quite the con- wary! My school teachers had taught me to stop daydreaming. Becky is a person who appreci- ates every moment. She is an artist. She paints and she draws, but more importantly, she observes and appreciates what is around her every moment. Every day that Becky is with us, she teaches me through her ex- ample the importance of valuing life for the moments that I have. How lucky my family is that my mother- in-law decided to come live with us! Land O'Lakes l .[e I =Is [e]ll [(:].-fl q' J i [.d, I 1 [,] |! Corn, Oats, Barley. With or without mollasses. #220200;02 50 lb. Sale: Ton price: $188.00 ($4.70 ea.) 12 % protein; to be fed to active pleasure horses after 12 months of age. #220117 lb. Sale: O 14 ~ protein, non-medicated grower ration. #220123 50 lb. Sale: 16% protein non-medicated ration to be fed to pullets just starting to lay at 18 weeks. 50 Ib,; #220046 We've got Sale: something to cluck about! VALLEY FARMERS 342 S. Bridge Street- Sheridan - 843-3292 am to 8 am to 6 am to 4 Craig Berkman tors to do roads and maintain vehi- cles. State agencies could bid says he can win against private companies to get the November election By George Robertson Editor, The Sun Craig Berkman, a wealthy Port- land businessman who wants to be Oregon's governor, made a cam- paign stop in Sheridan recently. In an interview he says he knows why Republicans should vote for him rather than Denny Smith in the May 17 primary. "I believe I can win in the general election," he says with a salesman's smile and strong conviction in his voice. "He (Smith) is believed to be too doctrinaire," Berkman adds. To prove his point, he notes how Smith wants to abolish the state Land Conservation and Development Commission (LCDC) while he favors reforming the agency and the land use laws under which it oper- ates. But Berkman makes it clear he want to protect the best farmlands in the state. "Even ag people want to see a higher authority" to protect the most productive farms, he says. Berkman criticizes Smith for his lack of details. "He's been cam- paigning for about a year but hasn't put out one specific detailed objec- tive," Berkman says. In contrast, Berkman has written a detailed report on virtually every aspect of the state---from land use laws to budgeting and education. "'People want to see specifics," Berkman says. Smiling again, he adds that the trend is for voters to elect businessmen to top state offices, citing the recent election in Los Angeles as a case in point. Berkman considers his lack of experience in government an asset. He notes that Smith, the president of a chain of newspapers, spent 10 of the last 15 years in Congress while John Kitzhaber, a doctor, has spent 14 of the last 16 years in the Oregon legislature. "Many of the problems they are talking aboutthe~ Were in a position to resolve," Berkman notes. Getting down to specifics, Berk- man says he will release a report on his views on education after he talks to officials in the Oregon Education Association, the union representing the state's teachers. But he makes it clear he wants education higher on the priority list. "The only item in the state con- stitution we are required to spend money on is education. But fre- quently it's at the tail end of the budget cycle. The governor and legislature should do (the education budget) early on in the budget session," he says. Berkman says he has "four or five macro-themes" he wants to talk about during the campaign. First, he wants to see what jobs can be done better by private indus- try. States are using private contrac- lowest bids; savings could be used for schools. Secondly, he wants to focus on creating jobs. "We need a who understands the principle value added products and services,' he says, pointing to a white paper he has written on the subject. But retraining timber workerS isn't the answer, he says. "It's it cruel hoax to tell people 50 years old with a 10th grade education they will make even a fraction of what they made." He criticizes private owners for harvesting young trees to keep some mills operating, such a practice is shortsighted will cause shortages eventuall, Berkman says the private not just community colleges, should get involved in retraining programs. Regarding education, Berk~ supports experimental programs lile charter schools. He favors the school reform bill but feels money needs to be allocated by legislature to make it work. he's willing to listen to concerns about slowing down changing some of the reforms. Turning to crime, Berkman says he disagrees with Smith that answer is to build more prison He supports a plan drafted by Democrat that will impose terms on violent criminals and such a plan will add only about more prison beds per year than require thousands of beds as Smith's "three strikes you're out" plan advocates. To help curb youth crimes, man says he would make more accountable for the of their children and favors juveniles over age 14 to Berkman characterizes tax base as "a house of noting since 1978 the average earner's income has declined now $1,500 less than the average. Berkman what he calls a "grave between the wage scales for in the public (government) and vate sector. "They make tially more than the private and do not contribute one nickel retirement system," he says. If elected governor, he voWS take an active role in with public employee unions. be more personally engaged," says. In addition, he says he "probably impose a hiring in government jobs, adding appears they are top-heavy in agement positions where and benefits are the highest. Berkman says he would to have public employees part of their retirement costs, at those hired after 1995. ,t 0 For what our new STX38 hydro and gear lawn tractOrS cost, you get a lot of tractor for the money. Like an overhead valve engine, tight turning radius, electric PTO, etc. Which means the real winner is you. NOTHING RUNS A LIKE DEERE J0hn Deeo S1X CEA4 Feel free to drop by one of these local John Deere 495 N. Hwy 99W, McMinnville 472-5184, 228-9755 *Month~ poyment$ hosed on John Deere Credit Rc~vlng Ran. 10% down Price onO Drocluct may vow due to deoler I:)orticJI3Otlon. k