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Sheridan , Oregon
March 29, 1989     The Sun Paper
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March 29, 1989

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2 The Sun, Wednesday, March 29, 1989 Log O in ,nlun O ion mu The devastating effect of the feOeral court injunction issued in Seattlelast week over the spored owl case is difficult to compre- hend. In brief, it means that virtually ALL timber sales have been halted on U.S. Forest Service lands in the Northwest. And that means unless the injunction is lifted soon it's likely that many mills in the region will close and workers will lose their jobs. It's shocking that this situation has deteriorated to this extent-- especially considering the fact that there is great doubt the spotted owl can only survive in "old growth" forests and that the number of owls is declining. But no matter. The combined efforts of several environmental organizations--from the Sierra Club to the Audubon Society and Wilderness Society--have thrown an incredible amount of money and time to basically shut down our woods to logging. These organizations, of course, don't care at all about the families who depend on the jobs generated by logging---our frienda and neighbors. They are using the spotted owl as a tool to atop logging just as the snail darter was used to atop a hydroelectric dam for the Tennessee Valley Authority years ago. What can be done? We urge ALL our readers to write their con- gressional deiegation--Sens. Peckwood and I-laffield and Rep. AuCoin. They need to know just how bad the problem is and that many people care about R deeply. Somehow we must get this issue out of the courts where it'a too easy to find sympathetic judges and where environmentalists-- rather, preservationista---can easily stop logging by a series of legal maneuvers. --G.R. Tim er (Editor's Note---This report by Eric Schooler of Willamina Lumber Co. was presented this month to members of the Sheridan Stake- holders Task Force which has been ~ working with the Oregon Business Council to develop a plan for the area's economic growth.) By Eric Schooler ,The problem:Availability of timber supply for forest products manu- facturers in the western United States has reached crisis pro- portions. A well-funded environ- mental movement, blocking public timber sales through administrative and legal initiatives, has tightened up timber supply in the West, pushing raw material prices to an uneconomical level and causing mill curtailments and/or closures in many areas. Adding further to uncertainty about future timber supply, the federal agencies are preparing their new l'0-year land-use plans for the national forests. Almost every region has a proposed reduction. A smaller component of the public timber supply picture lies on state-owned lands. In 1987, a hot export market captured over 40% of state-owned logs for overseas producers. Figures for 1988 will be higher. There are at least 20 mills in coastal Oregon that depend to some degree on state-owned timber. This cyclical market and the demand it places on public timber adds to the uncertainty of supply for Oregon mills. Employment: State's No. 1 employer with average annual employment of 70,000 direct jobs. Annual employment in 1987 in Yamhill County by forest products industry averaged 1,708 jobs with annual average payroll of $37.3 million; Polk 1,171 jobs/S24 million. In Yamhill that represents 33% of the manufacturing employ- ment base and in Polk it represents 40%. (While figures in 1988 are not complete, employment trend in the forest products industry will show a modest decline.( Out of every dollar generated by Oregon's economic base, 38 cents is attributed to the timber industry. One direct forest industry job creates two indirect jobs. Oregon's National Forest Lands: There are 24.2 million acres of forest land in Oregon, of which 58% is owned by the federal government. There are 2.1 million acres in Oregon permanently set aside in wilderness areas. The Wilderness Society has targeted Region VI, the largest timber producer in the national forest system, for an additional 2 million acres in the next five years I I III II I I IIIIIII and has opened an office in Portland as a means to that end. Of timber harvest receipts from National Forests, 25% goes directly to the counties allocated in propor- tion to the acres of National Forest within each county. A "white paper" done by Northwest Forestry Association explores the economic consequences of a diminishing timber supply in Oregon. The Oregon Department of Forestry has also published data that directly ties reduction in timber to employment and earnings. Current, spedfle Issues: Two issues before the state legislature are of extreme importance to the industry's attainment of a stable timber supply: SIR 8--Bans log exports from state-owned lands, directs Congress to reinstate the federal ban, resolves federal constitutional problems con- cerning states' rights, on state- owned land and solves Oregon's constitutional problems surrounding the Common School Fund and Board of Forestry lands. Oregon House votes today on the bill. Senate Committee passed favorably; has yet to go before the full Senate for a vote. Favorable passage of the bill anticipated. Will come before the voters as a ballot measure. Industry will be conducting public relations campaign for passage of the measure. Supportive information to voters needed. SB$00--Opal Creek--bill requires state to create a 31,000 acre state park by negotiating a long-term lease with the Forest Service. Area estimated to contain 2.7 billion board feet of timber. Industry opposes this bill in any form. Additional information attached. Spotted Owl--an injunction fred by the Seattle Audubon Society and an injunction filed by the Washington Contract Loggers challenging the Forest Service's spotted owl management plan were consolidated in U.S. District Court and heard yesterday by Judge Dywer in Seattle. Impact to the Siuslaw alone if the environmentalists injunction is granted would reduce timber sale volume FY 1989 by ninety percent. Far too many of industry's employees do not understand what is at stake with the timber supply problem. Not enough has been done to make wood product suppliers and consumers aware that the outcome will impact them. Industry needs to inform all of its allies of the impending confrontation and is making a concentrated, concerted effort to get the facts out for public review. (USPS 493-940) EDITOR and PUBLISHER NEWS - CORRESPONDENTS - PRINTING - Mike Petrovsky Floy Blair Toni Rose Doris McKellip Mickey Barber Kathy Olson Myrtle Barber PRODUCTION - ADVERTISING - Leslie Newberry Chris Higginson Paula Necas PHOTO TECHNICIAN - Terry High Rite Kramer Corinne Ivey JoAnn Ashcroft POSTAL NOTICE: Published weekly by The Sun, 249 ~. Bridge Street, Sheridan. OR 97378. Second class postage paid at Sheridan, OR 97378. SUBSCRIPTION RATES (one year): Sheridan, Witlamina and Grand Ronde postal addresses, $17; all other postal addresses, $26. DEADLINES: Noon Friday - Letter to Editor, Society & Church. press releases, general. 5 p.m. Friday - Legal Notices, Display. Noon Monday - Classified Ads. Classified Display. Phone number 843-2312 POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The Sun, P.O. Box 68, Sheridan, OR 97378. IIII i'l ill I I I ALL THAT TALK AB;OLIT I AIRYFARAAEg5 QUlTTI N" ,44/1-/< PR'O >UCT'/O/V WORRIES AAE,,, LANDMARK ISSUE As R.A deforest stated (letter to editor 3/22/89), West Valley residents are urging Yamhill County commissioners to modify the existing LCDC Historic Landmark Ordinance. The proposed amendent states: "To require that no historic landmark shall be designated unless the owner consents to the designation. To allow 60 days from the effective date of the ordinance for non-consenting owners of the designated landmarks to have the designation removed." There will be no mail-in ballot vote for the residents of Yamhill County to preserve private property owner- ship. Its time to speak up for your neighbors ! History shows the pattern of divide and conquer used by many regimes whether tf~ru taxation or annihilation or property confisca- tion: when they came for the Christians; I didn't speak up because I wasn't saved--when they came for the Jews, I didn't speak up because I wasn't Jewish--when they came for the intellectuals, I didn't speak up because I didn't go to college--when they came for the homosexuals, I didn't speak up because I wasn't gay--when they came for the American Indian, I didn't speak up because I wasn't no injun, when they came for the witches, I didn't speak up because I didn't use magic--when they came for the American Japaneese, I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jap--when they came for the farmer, I didn't speak up because ! don't grow food-- when they came for historic property I dodn't speak up because it wasn't my property they wanted-- when they came for me there was no one left to speak up .... Final hearing on the proposed amendment on the Historic Land- mark Ordinance will be April S at 10 a.m. in Room 32 Yamhill County Courthouse 535 East Sth Street, McMinnville. J.L. Merlde, Wfllamina CENTRAL AMERICA By the terms of an accord reached on March 15, 1989 between and at the request of Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatamala and El Salvador with the United Nations, a United Nations police force is supposedly moving into Central America to police the trouble spots of these nations. Having U.N. troops in our own backyard must be a setback for the Bush Administration and probably bodes an end to the Monroe Doctrine. So far the news media has given this the silent treatment. I am eager to hear Congress or someone explain this one. Bm Jolley, Sheridan SPECIAL LEVIES Considerable discussion has occured over the last several months regarding the funding of county government and the relative virtues of special levies. The purpose of this letter is to propose how we might have more effective funding for county government along with a specific system of accountability. Presently, the county makes up for the lack of a reasonable tax base through special levies. This makes sense when you look at one time projects such as the new jail. The logic breaks down, however, when dealing with such ongoing services such as law enforcement, senior/ handicapped transportation, or roads. Levies such as these create a climate of uncertainty. While three years may seem like a long time, the question is always in the back of the mind of the provider, as well as those receiving the service, will it be here next time around? The levy does not provide a secure base of funding It is open to defeat based on economic conditions, popularity, or the support group backing it at the time. County government offers a wide range of services. Some, such as parks, law enforcement, transporta- tion for the elderly/handicapped are popular because of their visibility and direct service to the public. Others, sych as tax assessment and collection are by their nature much less popular but equally necessary. Without a satisfactory tax base, the popular programs are pulled out of the pile and offered as "Levy Bait" with the inference that if you don't vote the levy, the vital service will be stopped. We all lose. The county is forever trying to figure out how to find more money and the taxpayer is suspicious and has the tendency to vote "no" just to make a point. There is a better way. I am currently working with the budget director and fellow commissioners to develop the approach. First, we identify the programs that each county department provides. These programs are then divided into three classifications. The first classification deals with programs that the county must provide by law. In Yamhill County, that would include tax collection, tax assessment, accounting, elections, jail, to name a few. The second classification would include services that are considered important but not specifically required by state law. These would include sheriff's patrol services, mental health, community health, and transportation. 1989 Rolm" Pond A recent visit to a modern dairy barn reminded me of how far we have progressed in milk production. Management and efficiency are the key words these days, and most dairymen even hire someone else to do the milking. When I was a kid nobody hired people to milk cows. That was like hiring someone to wash your dishes--the ultimate self-indui- gence. Besides, a person couldn't milk someone else's cows in those days. You had to know the cows on a first name basis or they would kick the snot out of you. Even if you were lucky enough to survive what the cows could dish-out, the equipment would finish you off. Our milking was done in stanchions where a guy had to sidle up next to a cow and convince her he was pretty much harmless before he could even think about putting the milker on her. In those days we used the old Durge milkers that hung from a strap over the cow's back. "The person doing the milking had to squeeze in between two cows and hang the belt over the one to be milked, while trying to convince the cow behind him she would be hamburger if she so much as lifted a leg. Then he would hang the milker on the belt, attach the cups to the udder, and adjust the belt for that particular cow. It worked remarkably well for most cows, but there were always exceptions. The exception I remember best was an old, brown cow named Susie. Susie had a trace of Ayrshire blood in her, giving her those big, brown eyes with an inordinate amount of ~:../, ......... //////~ ....... HH,/~'////////////..,..... E St12q A third classification would be community needs that are not met or the expansion of current programs. These include opportunities to leverage state or local funds with matching dollars With this information we can rank by priority and investigate as to the appropriateness of the funds requested. The board of com- missioners consist of people with diverse support groups and do not all think the same way. This is healthy. The end result becomes a budget that has been questioned at length and each commissioner is on record as to the priority and direction that he/she see as proper for the county. With the priority approach, we will always be doing the most important with the dollars available. This also becomes the basis for going to the general public and asking for a tax base that makes sense. The last tax base for Yamhill County was set in 1916. With a sufficient base we can provide that most important services during good times and bad. Our more unpredictable general re- sources can be left to fund the high priority program expansion, capitol improvement needs, a prudent reserve, or make debt service payments to reduce overall tax levies. Developing the base budget concept is workable and to the benefit of our county. To succeed in the long run, the county must have a reasonable tax base. To get that tax base, the board of commissioners must earn the trust of the taxpayers. I believe that successful imple- mentation of this process will go a long way to earn that trust. Dennis L. Goecks, Yamill County Commissioner by Roger Pond white showing around the edges. Susie always looked frightened, and she had good reason: We threatened to kill her nearly every day. When we opened the milking-barn door, Susie would jump through it like a lion bounding through a hoop, and then she would slide about halfway down the concrete alley behind the stanchions. By the time she calmed down and got into a stanchion that cow was panic stricken. It was like she had never been milked before. You would think an animal that had entered the barn twice-a-day for four years could find a stanchion without getting lost, but Susie never perfected it. She would run to the other end of the aisle and whirl around before the other cows got halfway into the barn. Then she would jam her head between the stanchion and the frame holding it, and remain stuck .until someone belted her in the nose to back her out. This was one of those cows we had to use the kickers on. For those who haven't seen kickers, they were made of two pieces of steel, shaped to fit around a cow's hocks. The two leg attachments were held together by a chain, which could be adjusted to hold the cow's hocks together so she couldn't lift a foot to kick you. These contraptions worked fine until a cow figured out how to kick with both feet, and then you had a bovine jackass on your hands. When I enter a modern dairy l'm always amazed that a dairyman works all his life for a nice milking parlor and some civilized equipment, and then he hires someone else to do the milking. Somehow it just doesn't seem quite fair. Homes 1 skunks their The story from last Pepper, the spotted ending. Pepper died poisoning. That's stumbling around m broad daylight. I keep warfarin which we have a skunks are killed by the same rats. Pepper had poisoned grain or the I didn't think about the biological chain disrupting when I set Diminutive spotted wonderfully tures, eating oodles And so, from now use a biological Namely, cats. I've barn cats, because they'd eat the quail fed by my barn door. What I need is a rodent specialist. pooh the idea that a will eat rats and consider our ancient Sixteen-year-old K anything anymore, but he was death on brought two or every day. Only once! did he kill a bird. I killed another bird shame that was head over his Rats, however, when baby rats around our unwilling to find put KC in to catch watched. The only was to jerk his paw ran over his foot. rats. Somewhere out cat that eats rats maybe now and then mouse, just for a this ideal cat would eating a bird. Actually, the ideal crouching not far fror~ Mast, I hope so. demise of the skunk, us a young Huntress. Diana seemed to on rats, but too timid from our barn. appeared a few days the dog that decided Diana was a plaything and the neighborhood This wouldn't be the of the non-human interdependent, ity in which I live had ideas in For instance, 1 should eat Coyotes think a dog that agrees however, has with a coyote, as lotlS attack her sheep. Personally, I think be more eating coyotes playful toward But I don't alwaYS The other members pendent my ideas are. " a 1 commumty m a w Y members to survive i each of us, although don't think about their thing As a human, I about how my other community have an ethical res and respect each easy. Especially members are rats. I cannot do, however, survivors. I have eliminate rats from earth---I'm sure place. However, that Norway, where they on my farm. I try to manage and respectfully. don't know all the interrelated, I management insect-eating skunks trying to poison rats. Ignorance, when it comes to it's not really an natural systems I'll feel guilty the killing that But I've poison. Just how do I convince gently of chasing them